Kathmandu, the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal occupies a large valley (49.45 km2). It is the only metropolitan city of Nepal. The valley consists of three major districts of Nepal; Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur. It is the most densely populated city of the country which holds approximately two million people.
The city is situated at the height of 1,400 meters (4,600ft) in the valley of central Nepal. Four major hills namely Phulchoki, Nagarjun, Shivapuri, and Chandragiri surround the city. The vibrant city deserves the capacity of large number tourist attraction every year because of its rich traditional arts and cultural heritage. The city is packed full of temples, palaces and stupas. The premier attraction of Nepal, the Himalaya is also within its touching distance. The magnetic attractions of Kathmandu are Durbar Square which showcases the rich cultural heritage of the city. Gorgeous monasteries Boudhnath Stupa and Swyambhu Nath are the Buddhist pilgrimage sites in the world. Narayanhiti Palace Museum attracts the thousands of domestic and foreign tourists with its historical Royal culture. Pashupati Nath Temple is one of the most important Shiva Mandirs and attract huge number of devotees in the city.
Kathmandu Durbar square. An examination to medieval cultural and historical sites including palaces representing medieval art and culture will, undoubtedly, be an observance to a legendary historical site for a life-time. Most importantly, you will have an opportunity to have an encounter with Kumari, a living goddess and you will feel blessed after seeing her.
Then the second important cultural and spiritual visit to Swyambhunath stupa also known as Monkey Temple, the oldest temple or stupa in the cultural history of Nepal centuries-long civilization pleases everyone. Visitors will encounter with 200 years old art and architecture here. The major hightlights of this temple are: monkeys, serene forest, prayer flags, manis and ancient arts and architecture.
.Boudhanath stupa, well recognized as the biggest stupa in the world, which has been enlisted in UNESCO world heritage site has successfully become popular to fascinate thousands of visitors around the world. Especially, Bouddhanath Stupa is invaluably a sacred pilgrimage site for Buddhist followers. The architecture exposed here is really notable.
A holy visit to Pashupatinath Temple, a sacred Hindu temple of god Shiva, located on the bank of Bagnmati river represent centuries-old arts and architecture. King Prachandev built the temple, Pashupatinath. A thousands of pilgrims go to visit Pashupatinath Temple on the occasion of Mahashivaratri from around the world especially from India.